The number of proffessionals with higher education among mountain Jews increased in the post-war years. They were more frequently appointed to leading posts and promoted. The title holders of the Hero of Socialist Labor appeared among the Mountain Jews. In the 1950s, the Mountain Jewish Theater was founded in Derbent. And the name of the orthopedist Gavriil Ilizarov gained worldwide fame because of his invention - the universal device for external fixation of bones.